Fogo Island is located northeast of the island of Newfoundland. 150 square miles in size, it is home to 2,500 persons. Beginning in 1954 the Canadian government introduced a resettlement plan for Newfoundland that encouraged populations in remote areas to relocate to more inhabited centers, arguing that government could not continue to provide needed services in sparsely settled areas. Between 1954 and 1975 this program resulted in the abandonment of 300 communities and nearly 30,000 people were moved.
But not Fogo Islanders.